This is the kind of stuff that puts up a banner on a Twitter search ("# New Tweets Found") and makes things feel real time.
List of what's being done to move notifications from server to browser:
* Ajax polling: Anybody using the JS set-timeout function, then refetch. Used by GMail, Campfire, et al
* Long polling (typically Comet): Used by FriendFeed, keeps an http connection open as long as possible (keep alive), reopen when timed-out. Keep a local thread pool.
* Flash sockets: Same as long polling, but from Flash. Don't have the same-origin policy. No limitaions on number of connections. Does gzipping.
* Reverse HTTP: hosting a little webserver inside a JS connection. Long pushing?
* Silverlight ("MS's version of Flash")
* HTML5 websockets: part of spec, doesn't exist and not implemented. Expected to be like flash sockets.
(things discarded as too old/obscure/painful/absurd):
* Java applets (David Weekly is about to get himself kicked ;)
* Big ugly JS kludges (iframe tricks, etc)
* What's that Opera thing ... unite? ubiquity? Unite. Every browser is a webserver. Sounds like reverse HTTP.
* Using XMPP format, arbitrary JSON structure, Atom.
* Orbited (?) tunnels TCP thru HTTP, treats each end like a socket. JS front-end, Python backend. Often paired with Twisted. Specifically meant to be Comet.
* Tornado: python
* Cometd: Java, made by Dojo to work with dojo
* APE project (?)
What formats are people using to send data:
Apps and their libs/methodologies:
* Meebo: ??
* Google Wave/GTalk: GWT RPC, long-polling, their own JS
* FB Chat: ??
* FriendFeed: Tornado server with long-polling, their own JS
* Superfeedr: uses BOSH, stropheJS. BOSH is kinda long polling, bidirectional (two cs open all time). Very similar to comet, more friendly than strict proxies
* Collecta: uses BOSH
* Twingly: orbited
* PBWorks: long polling on network dashboard to see updates come in live; wrote their own libraries, also use stropheJS
* StatusNet - identi.ca and ??, orbited and cometd (you can do either)
Flex and Air apps? The most interesting stuff is what used to be called Flash Media Server (been renamed). They've got their own P2P protocol. All sorts of funky stuff you can do. OpenSource version of FMS is Red Five.
In what situations are these libraries breaking down?
* Transparent/Opaque proxies that give repeats/dupes/hangs. Keep buffer on server and check for these. Sometimes have to close connection to flush thru proxies.
* "Everyone focuses on the newest hottest event-based framework, but the hardest part is that HTTP wasn't designed for long-polling."
Have to hold open request/response pairs. Connection setup and teardown is expensive
Guy at UK telecom has only ~3K IP connections available in London area. Comet is going to force an upgrade of their hardware, which will be expensive. Real world constraints will always present.
Real-time at UI can be distracting at best, horribly annoying at worst. Charts work great, but text moving too quickly becomes hard. UX is challenging. Would be nice to add items while autoscrolling relative to the focussed item
When you want to add a pause button to your site, that's FAIL. But the hover-over-conversation to pause semantic is pretty good.
Go to jschat.com to see a bad resize.
FB pioneered notifications really well in UX. You get a "toaster popup" that doesn't disturb your screen and it fades after a few moments plus a bar at the bottom to persist the aggregated notifications/count. Really nice.
Growl is also mentioned as a good model. Is there interest in a notification aggregator with contexts in the browser? Meebo wants to go that way as a notification aggregator. Adobe wants to do this on your desktop. BrowserPlus also hits Growl. Prowl == Pushed Growl.
If everyone started using XMPP, it would increase the message load ("three bazillion individual messages"). No one is bundling XMPP updates; no reason you couldn't. ActivityStreams could also serve.
Why are people using Atom/JSON for this? They're so extensible, but when you extend them so far they're just as verbose as XML. "But we just don't like XML."
Would be nice if you could select things to pull out of the stream and hold onto.
Seems to be consensus that chat belongs at the bottom of the browser, append at end. Everything with a permalink (blogs, tweets, etc) gets added to the top (?). Seems to be related to height issues.
Infinite scroll vs. "More" button
Titlebar flash (Gmail and GTalk)
Some sites make a tiny flash widget to play a sound
Haptic: twitter dmesg to cellphone buzz
Notifications can become another form of info overload/noise
(We flailed at making a 1D/2D chart to represent frequency and value ... FAIL)
Phonetop apps are like desktop apps. Leah feels strongly that they're headed down-and-to-the-right and browser-ish apps are taking supremacy due to interoperability.
Apple's surprise: phonetop apps took off. (?) vs. John Gruber: "The most used app on my iPhone is Safari."
You can find the whiteboard pics in my Flickr stream.